The World Meteorological Organization of the United Nations and the African Union released the report "The State of Africa's Climate in 2020" on the 19th. The report shows that the high mountain glaciers in eastern Africa will disappear within 20 years, and 118 million extremely poor people face droughts, floods or extreme high temperatures. Climate change may shrink the African continent's economy by 3% in the middle of the 21st century.
The World Meteorological Organization and the African Union jointly released the "State of the Climate in Africa in 2020" report that if this situation continues, Africa will have the only mountains with glaciers: Mount Kenya in Kenya, Mount Rwenzori in Uganda, and Mount Rwenzori in Tanzania. The glaciers of Mount Limanjaro may melt completely in 2040. The Mount Kenya glacier is expected to melt in 2030 and will be the first mountain to lose its glacier due to climate change.
The report stated that Africa’s greenhouse gas emissions are less than 4% of the global greenhouse gas emissions, and it has been severely affected by climate change for a long time. In addition to the worsening drought on the continent, which is heavily dependent on agriculture, East Africa and West Africa also experienced widespread floods in 2020, and the historic locust plague that began in 2019 continues to cause severe damage.
The African Union Commission’s Rural Economics and Agriculture Commissioner Joseph Sacco said that by 2030, if appropriate response measures are not taken, as many as 118 million extremely poor (ie living expenses less than US$1.90 per day) population in Africa will face drought. , Floods and extreme heat risks. This will impose additional burdens on poverty alleviation and will seriously hinder prosperity and development. She also said that in sub-Saharan Africa, climate change may further reduce GDP by 3% by 2050. This poses a serious challenge to climate adaptation and resilience actions, because not only are the physical conditions deteriorating, but the number of people affected is also increasing.
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